Swimming Pools

Let the buildings in our time, not that strong, such as medieval castles, but still look pretty impressive too. As the world's fairy tale about reeds and 3 sons, strong structure by combining building materials. All the basic structure of buildings require additional protection. Let's see what it represents waterproofing. In order to protect the facilities needed waterproofing. Waterproofing is needed for ensure that water does not spoil the concrete. Secure building materials – guarantee of strength of your facility. There are many types of waterproofing.

Not necessarily produce waterproofing the entire house – depending on the conditions actually isolate only a reference or any other part. Is waterproofing the floor – using penetration of materials that will protect even the floor in the basement. Basements, often in need of a complete waterproofing. Before her begin, consider how you will use the underground room, and as active on the basement foundation is poured liquid. In addition, there is a hydro bath, garage waterproofing, waterproofing of the roof and all other species – it all depends on your specific needs. Waterproofing – the process laborious. There are a large variety of technologies waterproofing works. In many cases, a penetrating waterproofing. One of the most frequently used compounds for such technology – Penetron. Penetron is used for both concrete and for reinforced concrete structures.


Polyethylene under the influence of open fire is lit bluish flame without smoke, with lights ignited too slowly. Polypropylene has a high melting point, than polyethylene, and therefore a higher temperature of decomposition. Maximum operating temperature of polypropylene 120 – 140 C, operating pressure at 20 C at 20 bar at 65 C – 10bar. Excelling in heat resistance of polyethylene, polypropylene is inferior to him in frost. Its fragility temperature (frost) ranged from -5 to -15 C.

Depending on the installation of polypropylene used the following types: Expandable, sewn, reinforced with middle layer of fiberglass, laminated, with the inner layer of stainless steel. Specifications of polyethylene pressure pipes pipes are made of high density polyethylene and polyethylene low density. Produce the following data types of tubes: A light – a maximum operating pressure of 2.5 kgf/cm2, srednelegkogo ca – 4 kgf/cm2; middle C – at 6 kgf/cm2; Heavy T – 10 kgf/cm2. Working pressure specified in the Transportation of water 20 C. Tubes of pvp and the tng with a diameter of 20 mm or more are delivered in lengths 6, 8, 10 and 12 m. Delivery of pipes up 5.5 and 11.5 m and in coils (tubes of diameter pvp 40 mm and the diameter of the pnp to 63 mm inclusive), with outer diameter of the bay must not exceed 3 m.

Pipes normalized by od. When you change the wall thickness depending on the operating pressure is changing the inner diameter. This allows us to unify the connection parts for pipelines. Specifications of polyethylene non-pressure (sewer) pipes Free-flow (sewer) pipes are manufactured by injection molding. Polyethylene non-pressure pipes manufactured from 32mm diameter up to 1200mm. in two flavors: free-flow smooth and non-pressure plastic pipe corrugated pipe. Installation of non-pressure sewer systems is carried out if there is no pumping station or installation is not possible, and sewage water drains without the use of additional equipment. As a rule, non-pressure system is used when installing drainage, and stormwater. Technical characteristics of polyethylene pressure pipes is produced the following data types of pipes: pressure-free corrugated pipes – PE-COR, PP-COR, Korsis, K2-Kan; corrugated tube non-pressure polyethylene (PE-100) and polypropylene (PP) diameter (DN) 100 – 1600 mm; non-pressurized pipe system Krah – non-pressurized pipes made of polyethylene (PE-100) produced by technology Krah, diameter (DN) 300 – 3600 mm, pvc pipes free-flow system Ribloc, Spirapipe – non-pressure pipes of polyvinyl chloride produced by technology Ribloc, diameter (DN) 100 – 3600 mm. Specifications of polypropylene pipes: polypropylene pipes pilsa – made by Turkish and German standards, the diameter (DN) 16-165 mm. Maximum load is determined by the diameter polypropylene tubes: pn 2,5 – 0,25 (2,5) MPa (Kgf/cm2) pn 4 – 0,4 (4) MPa (kgf/cm2) pn 6 – 0.6 (6) MPa (kgf/cm2) pn 10 – 1,0 (10) MPa (kgf/cm2) pn 16 – 1,6 (16) MPa (kgf/cm2) pn 20 – 2,0 (20) MPa (kgf/cm2) pn 25 – 2,5 (25) MPa (kgf/cm2).

Commercial Dsp

But of such things as properly performed electrical, cable, non-combustible, non-flammable in plastic wires, sockets and switches without direct contact with the material covering the walls, etc. – It should be mandatory. The load on the cable must be designed with a large margin. People will freeze to include additional heaters and boiling tea, load on the internal network to increase many times. This must be calculated and not to save on electrics. Durability – depending on the timing requirements of huts to apply those or other materials and technological equipment, ie that the cheapness of the acquisition were not resulted in additional costs to repair or overdelivery huts again. For example floors is an important element of the modular building. Its design is simple – cross logs, wood, metal, mixed.

Importance, affecting the rigidity of gender, has a step laying the lag, the size of timber used for the lag. The optimal distance for the office and residential space – up to 700 mm. For technical – must assume the load, but by 400 mm. Timber must be treated ognebiozaschitnoy impregnation. Its dimensions shall be not less than 150 * 50 mm. At what he "put" vertically (150 mm in height). Go to lag below attached sheet metal (black, thin metal, primed or painted).

Sometimes a manufacturer uses a metal medium thickness (1-2 mm.) Which are hermetically welded (budget module does not apply, because his (metal) at the bottom just do not – there is the bare board). At lags laid floorboards. It may not be surfaced, but without the wane (bark) and treated with a solution ognebiozaschitnym thickness from 25 to 40 mm. It fits neatly together. Above it is laid sheets DSPs (16 mm. Thick) or water-resistant plywood. Other materials (thin dsp, dsp, just plywood is cheaper, but they quickly gain moisture and become unusable). At DSPs fit linoleum. Insulation sex – thick mineral wool laid in accordance with regional estimates of 100 to 250 mm. (Usually 50 mm. Thicker walls) and has a polyethylene vapor barrier. As should be properly and securely? On every element of sex can save – place less often lags – the floor will be a little play but endure, put floor board with a gap – just okay, but it may eventually deform the dsp, or a heavy table leg will fall, for example. You can put a thin sheet of dsp – initially it will not be noticeable, but few months will be visible structure and configuration floorboard under the dsp, and it crumble. Linoleum can be set for 110 rubles – domestic, it is rubbed in places of intense cross-country for a couple of months, and can be Commercial for 290 rubles per meter. Lumber can generally not handle ognebiozaschitoy, because underneath it is not checked. All these moments can easily hide in the preparation of the offer, but I believe they need to know them and describe selectively tested. Up until the opening of sexes is in the final module. The same goes for plumbing – cheap toilets out of order after days of use. Cost and overhead costs for its repair or replacement usually exceed the cost difference when buying the original products more expensive, but the working set.