Properly made of wood trim, designed to properly design and reasonable prevention guarantee good final result and durability of wooden products. Wood has specific features to consider when using it. First of all, timber – the "living material", which contains moisture. The growing tree is fed with water through the roots and trunk, composed of longitudinal cells ("Plumbing"), connected by an adhesive substance (lignin). In the lumber and wood products preserved structure of the cells of a growing tree, so board absorbs water, and through the transverse plane is more degree than longitudinal. The moisture content of wood varies with the humidity (not to mention the direct hit of water, such as rain). In case of fluctuations of relative humidity, wood seeks to balance the moisture, ie, it dries out, losing moisture and expands (swells) when wet. This can lead to significant warping of wooden structures and products, so it is essential to reduce the inherent timber capacity for water absorption.
But the main enemies of the tree are different microorganisms (molds, algae, bacteria, fungi and antimitsety), insects and, of course, fire. Protection of wooden materials from these harmful external influences – a serious problem. In addition, the processing of wood is necessary to consider the heterogeneity of its structure along and across fibers, high porosity, and the difference in texture Depending on the species, the combination of which provides a variety of textures surfaces of different color schemes. The use of more decorative treatment of wood with paints can implement the most unthinkable decorative delights. Based on the above-mentioned specific properties of the wood to be protected from adverse environmental factors, all the paints for working with wood can be divided into two main groups: special, protective or decorative materials, or finishes. Note that many of the manufactured decorative compositions endowed with protective functions, and special protective materials and often have decorative characteristics.
And, finally, was indicative of an increase orders for the manufacture of home textile items. Customers have become increasingly ordered covers for chairs and upholstered furniture, tablecloths, and even such rare things as screens for radiators and wall hangings and ceilings. In the catalog of all these elements of textile design presented in conjunction with curtains, on this the customer is born a natural desire to formalize the textile interiors from A to Z ". Why catalog, "Your Guide to Style" love designers? If you have at least a little work on the catalogs, you have probably noted that the vast majority of them are pictures of curtains are classified under the heading "Kitchen", "Bedroom", "Children", etc., while the division is rather arbitrary, since clear rules and criteria that can be attributed specifically to the curtains every room, there is simply no. Therefore, often have to dig around the directory to find the desired customer model, and then another and explain why to his bedroom fit model from the "Dining". Movie Star is often mentioned in discussions such as these. In the catalog, "Your style guide" material is classified as belonging to a particular style solution interior.
This significantly simplifies and speeds up the design choice. Check with the customer, what it represents its interior, just open the partition and select the model. For novice designers will be helpful article that accompanies each section of the catalog. Articles contain a brief description of each style of interior decoration and design features of curtains and home textiles in the interior. Based on this information, correctly select the model of curtains is not difficult even a man, far removed from the design. Catalog curtains "Your Guide to Style" is available in two formats – for work in the salon and for outreach.
Catalog for work in the salon consists of a booklet on evropruzhine, a 297 x 297 mm printed on glossy paper, the density of 130, in the hard laminated cover. Technology Investor is open to suggestions. Evropruzhina in a soft shell prevents rupture and sheets. Due to this directory is not only easy to use, but also durable. Option directory for the exit is printed on glossy paper, with a density of 130 and stitched on the bracket. Size 210 x 210 mm. The content of both versions is absolutely identical: 10 feature articles and more than 400 unique pictures of curtains and items textile decor.
Today, with increasing requirements for the design of furniture requires more clever invention, the furniture looked so perfect, it is with regards to the elements and connection details when building furniture. Furniture design looks elegant when not visible fasteners on the outer surface. This can be achieved using different types of hardware connecting fixtures. The most used methods of assembly for today: eccentric screed confirmats. dowel, furniture corner.
Below for more info on how to assemble furniture using one or another way to connect. Assembly on the eccentric screed. Eccentric coupling is now the most used element compounds as fixing not visible on the surface it gives furniture an elegant look. However, the cost of an order of magnitude more expensive than 4 rubles per 1 pc. Is Boola sophisticated method of connecting the week assembly on confirmats. Included in usual eccentric coupler supplied from 3 to 5 items. This is the most reliable way to build furniture. Assembling confirmats – evrovint.
Assembling furniture confirmats the easiest and cheapest way. Confirmats or on another evrovint worth from 50 cents per 1 piece. Build on confirmats this opportunity to save money, because to build a box evrovintov need 8 pieces. However there is a snag in that the cap evrovinta visible on the outer surface, although there are plugs for them, design furniture does not look as aesthetically pleasing as the eccentric screed. Putting furniture on the corner. Furniture assembly on the corner of obsolescent method of connecting pieces, however, used for furniture of economic class as the easiest way assembly. For in order to collect the details necessary screws and a drill with an attachment, in order to tighten the screws. Wood dowel. Wood dowel is an ancient method of assembly of furniture, but is applicable for the connection of parts which do not require load. To carry out the assembly on the dowel to put it on the glue. The only downside is that after assembling furniture in this way will not make out, and sometimes there are difficulties with transportation and relocation. To be confidence in the assembly, it is necessary at the stage of design furniture is determined by which elements of the compound to collect and what hardware to use. After all, quality and design furniture face of your company or shop. Make furniture with high quality and all of you will be pulled on the recommendations of acquired furniture.
Perhaps you would like to have around the house with something original, something no one else that will please the eye? But you think that if you never tried to do something with your hands, then you have it and not get? Did you try it! I tried – before my experience, like almost everyone was that I could (professionally), hammer nails, screw the screws, to saw the board well, and all that. In short there is in me for something outstanding. However, during the repair I decided to try the kitchen (previously picked up a little theory on the Internet) make the furniture itself. Ie for small-sized kitchen window sill I have put in place a wide countertop to the wall, put it under the cabinets and retractable roller drawers, on top of the tubes dzhokernyh put a few shelves for flowers, your TV. Plus a few wall, Ceiling to a niche above the air cleaner kitchen cabinets. Now kitchen – this is the most a comfortable seat in the house, where it is pleasant, and all the delights the eye. And it all does not look homemade, but not worse than selling in stores mebeli.Konechno, you will not be able to do it as fast as in professional wizard, but diligence, enthusiasm and perseverance for the time you replace the experience, well, then it (the experience) appears.
Just not so terrible furniture, as it is painted. When you do makes furniture, you can choose lumber and hardware in accordance with the situation room, or with other pieces of furniture. Optionally, you can also resize the project in strict accordance with the size of available space. Information about how to trim allow you to make the project necessary accents. Since you want your thing looked like the most beautiful way, the description has tips on finishing. The site has pictures and showing a variety of materials, used for decoration – such as paint, stain or varnish – and tips on how to use them to achieve the perfect result. You do not need to be a qualified professional to work with hand and power tools, by which is described on this site furniture.
Many experts say that the best way of getting rid of drafts and the freezing timber windows in the winter is to install plastic windows. However, few can afford it. Installation of plastic windows – pleasure is quite expensive, and not all residents of urban apartments tend to replace conventional wood windows on the fashionable PVC. Wooden windows also have a huge advantage – they "breathe" without requiring constant ventilation and creating a feeling of stuffiness in the room. So you've decided to leave everything as it was the first autumn frosts and already "knocking" at your windows. What should I do? – It is necessary to prepare for the cold weather and thoroughly insulate windows.
There are several ways warming wooden windows. But before you choose one of them, define the reason why the windows let the cold air. Usually, the reason for this is the ability of the tree crack and buckle under the weather, which leads subsequently to the formation of cracks and gaps between the frame and the frame and between glass and frame. So, if the reason for this gap between the glass and frame, you rassteklit need to strengthen the frame and glass silicone sealant, and then fix it bead. If the cause of drafts – curvature of the frame, you will need to strengthen the corners of the frame with metal corners. Thereafter begin to address the second reason – to get rid of gaps between the frame and window box. Just do not forget to prepare a window frame: free of debris, clean and degrease the end of the frame (If required for attaching the seal). Thus, the frame is ready, now get down to the choice of insulation options window. One of the fastest, but a relatively inefficient way of warming the window – sealing the windows scotch tape (clear or simple a paint) or conventional plaster.
Thoroughly dry the structure, its vent, cover the impregnation – and re-examination will only need a 4 or 8 years (depending on when the deadline guarantees an antiseptic). More serious disease – ‘wet’ rot, damage wood by fungi, mold or bacteria. It not only spoils the appearance, but also destroys the fiber softens the wood. You click on a board with your finger, and it fails. In this case, you must remove the damaged area, cut out all the rot to solid wood, handle the rest of the old wood and make insertion of a new, and then cover all quality antiseptic.
The worst damage wooden structures causing white mushroom house (‘dry’ rot). It affects not only the tree, but even the brickwork, oak floor and chetyrehsantimetrovy it can destroy a month. In this case without a thorough ‘surgical’ intervention is necessary. Only after you have completely cut out all bionarost have done a thorough fungicidal wash, and close up cracks and crevices non-shrink filler, Box set from a healthy tree and struck a topcoat can be considered anti-rot completed. Insects, unlike microorganisms appear regardless of operating conditions and humidity. Here is a list key pests (furniture or house), barbel, bark and drevogryz.
And dangerous, not only bugs, but their larvae. Discover voracious insect is easy: they leave a small hole – ‘moves’. It is easy and will destroy pests: it is necessary to process each hole a special antiseptic solution and then cover the surface layer protects the new. Struggling with the enemies of the tree, do not forget: the most effective protection – completely prevent the defeat of wood. Experts believe that this is only possible in a systems approach: on the prepared surface treatment is applied, then the substrate that provides good traction primer and topcoat, and finally the very finish. Upon expiration of the protective layer of antiseptics should be updated. The only way you can permanently save the tree that brings so much joy and warmth to your house.
Build a pond in the garden of the dream of many, but not everyone decides to take this step, believing that it is troublesome, time consuming, requires some knowledge and material costs. By building your first pond, its hands, I first thought about how to provide for themselves defended warm water for watering plants in the greenhouse I. When the pond was ready and wanted to decorate it with decorative plants. So was the corner of the main decoration our garden. After the first season of operation it became clear that caring for a small pond rather difficult. In extreme heat the water in it was green, and watering had to take not 10-15 buckets as usual, but more than half of its volume.
So for the next year studying literature and the stock of the necessary materials and began to build a new reservoir, a larger size. Used to waterproof polyethylene film. Online film is more often thickness of 150-200 microns (the width of the sleeves 1.5-2.0). Because the home is securely glued film is difficult, the future size and shape of the reservoir has led to wide films (3-4 m). For decorative pond that is enough. Better use black film: it is more durable than transparent, suppresses weeds, creates the illusion of greater depth and naturalness of the pond. Location chosen for the pond behind the house, on the border garden. This site have most of the day illuminated by the sun.
Waters turned oval in shape, size 2.6 x 3.2 m, with a slope of the coast of 30-35 . Maximum depth – 60 cm Total surface area – about 5.0 m2. Digging began in the early spring, before the main garden work. At excavation continuously monitored horizontal edges of the pit level. To mount the film on the perimeter of the reservoir made earthen ridge height of 20 cm excavated earth laid on the north side of the pit, so that continue to use it for small devices rocky garden.
The process of 'dry' drying oils such as occurs due to evaporation of the solvent, and as a result of interaction processes oils with oxygen. Combined varnish marks R3, R5 designed for the manufacture of paints for interior and exterior. Combined varnish brands K2, K4, K12, K11, paint, used only for internal operations. Linseed oil 'Oksol B' is used for dilution to a viscosity of oil-based paints gustotertyh MF only for internal operations. LMS (polymerized linseed oil) is a natural substitute for linseed oil and is used for both domestic and for exterior colors.
Gliftalievaya linseed oil is made from vegetable oil, glycerine, etc. of the solvent content of no more than 50%. Pentaphthalic linseed oil is also made from an alkyd resin. Artificial drying oils (synthol, karbonol, etc.) do not contain any oils at all, or in small quantities. As for the quality they are far inferior to natural drying oil and oksolem.
Alkyd varnish – are solutions of alkyd resin modified oils. They are glyptal, pentaphthalic and ksiftalevye. By the way linseed oil are the so-called artificial drying oils, including oil-free products based on the polymerization of petroleum hydrocarbons, oil shale, and fish oils etc. Thus, oil paints are a mixture of pigments, fillers (talc, barium sulfate, barite) and linseed oil. State Standards issued by oil paints the following brands (depending on the type of film-forming substance): MA-021 – for natural drying oil; MA-025 – on a combined drying oil, GF-023 – on glyptal drying oil, PF-024 – on pentaphthalic drying oil. The number 2 indicates that the paint, varnish diluted appropriate, be used on any surface. Ready to eat paint hit the market are packed in containers of 0.5-3 liters. The labels stated purpose of paint, color, flow rate at 1 m surface with single and double layer coatings used thinners, etc. Should strictly adhere to these guidelines.